Features of Smart Grid Technologies: An Overview

Seong-Cheol Kim, Papia Ray, Surender Reddy Salkuti


This paper presents a comprehensive review of smart grid (SG) technologies features such as two way communication, advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) system, integration of renewable energy, advanced storage techniques, real time operation and control, data management and processing, physical and cyber security, and self-healing, etc. The SG technology allows two way communications for better reliability, control, efficiency and economics of power system. With these new SG technologies, consumers have many energy choices, such as use of renewable energy, usage management, flexible rates, electric vehicles (EVs), etc. The requirement of these technologies is the real time operation, and the SG accommodates this real time operation and control. SG technology allows the distributed generation while the demand response and energy efficiency technologies to shed the load demand. However, to adopt these changes to the conventional grids is not easy. Utility companies, governments, Independent system operators (ISOs) and energy regulatory commissions are need to agree on the scope and time frame of these changes.

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